Healthy Eating Guidelines: Cereals

Rye Today our reference Food Guide ( the famous SENC 2004 pyramid , page 20) makes the greatest emphasis on what is beneficial to eat (ie, more frequently and in greater quantity than any other food group) in the group of foods derived from cereals . To do so, they appear on the first and largest rung of the pyramid and have thus been for a long time (past tense) in many food guides from other countries. I am referring to rice, pasta, bread and potatoes (although these are not of cereal origin, but they are included in the aforementioned Guide, I suppose, because they are rich in carbohydrates).

The origin of cerealofilia

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That this is so, derives in large part from what happened in 1977 in the United States. At that time a series of nutritional guidelines for Americans was issued with which it was intended to combat through diet the main metabolic diseases that hit the population (those of all industrialized countries on the other hand). Thus, with the title Dietary Goals for the United States , (more specifically known as the ” McGovern Report “), a series of general guidelines were proposed in order to suggest, very briefly, some recommendations especially low in fat, with less cholesterol, less refined and processed sugars, and more complex carbohydrates and fiber .

These nuances are important because in fact it was the McGovern report that used the term complex carbohydrates for the first time . Thus, most of the consensus in the report focused on increasing the consumption of fruits, vegetables and foods made mainly with whole grains. However, I do not know why, after the McGovern report the first North American guides (now in disuse) and that served to inspire those of many other countries (including the Spanish and to this day) put the greatest accents in foods made with cereals before in fruits, vegetables . Why was it done like this? With sincerity I do not have the certainty, but my opinion is that it could be due to the pressures of the industrial sectors involved. No news on the other hand, because if something characterized that report McGovern was just that … how the different sectors involved pressed to change the wording of the final report. In fact, within the report itself, it is contrasted that television advertising of cereal-based foods was several orders of magnitude higher than that of fruits and vegetables. And if the advertising was greater (as today) the income derived from it also. Would someone be willing to load up the chicken of the golden cereals , well for good? Well, that, and it is only an opinion.

Important: cereals are usually more than cereals

<strong>In a nutshell, cereal foods do, but:</strong>

Another problem is that when someone talks about “cereal-based foods” (even if they are whole) at the same time, the door opens for other highly processed foods to enter that same rung, and very usually rich in refined sugars. What’s more, as Dr. David Ludwig of the Harvard Medical School says: ” So much does it cost you to eat a bowl of cereals without added sugar, than a bowl of sugar without added cereals ” (see documentary in this post , minute 30:10). In the end, the metabolic response will be almost identical. On the subject of “healthy” cereals, I suggest you take a look at this post about how they can help “take care of the line ” of Lidia Folgar – @ Lidia_Folgar-)

The fact is that while in other countries most of the recommendations have long been changed by passing the food from cereals at least to a plane of less importance than fresh vegetables, in Spain the guidelines remain the same … and the worst is that apparently in this post they look like continuing in the same direction.

There is nothing wrong in giving the fair and in my opinion adequate presence in food guides to this group of foods, but we should leave things clear enough for the citizen to understand that generally, when rice is said, it means whole grain rice, that when pasta is said, it should also be integral, that with the same bread, that other cereals also have a place in that niche, more or less unusual in our environment … but above all, what should be to make clear, is that in this group of foods does not have room for biscuits, pastries, or breakfast cereals or bars of such low in fat that are . No, first of all, about this group of foods what is at issue is to promote the unrefined foods that each one cooks at home . The culture of “live the cereals” and put them on the first step, has served to put a goal across the square in public health policies that to some extent have paid and are still paying citizens.

Thus, while the message about the consumption of food from cereals is not minimized, while detailing and clarifying what is meant and getting the citizens to know about this food group, the confusion will continue to be important for delight. of a good part of the food industry , of the Spanish , that living on the income of “low fat”, and that putting flaps in their ads, it seems that it serves to everything else to take a back seat.

In a nutshell, cereal foods do, but:

  1. Leaving being the “base” of the pyramid or the center of any general recommendation ;
  2. Punctualizing (as is already done, but with very little force in my opinion) that the presence of the integrals has to be a majority compared to the refined and;
  3. Emphasizing that processed foods , no matter how “cereal” or “with cereals” they are, do not fit into these recommendations (which for now are mine) … Let’s say that if you have more than four ingredients (and I’m generous) better than let’s forget


Employers more optimistic, but very cautious

 The organizations see incipient signs of improvement, but they are prudent when assessing 2014 due to doubts about the intensity of the recovery and the fragility of the scenario

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During these six years of crisis one of the things that have been left behind is credibility in the forecasts of the official organisms. The constant revisions – almost always negative – have questioned his kindness. Hence, in complex moments for analysts such as those present, in which the year of inflection is faced, it is necessary to collect the opinion of businessmen -based basically on their sense of smell- to draw a qualitative scenario of what the 2014. Go ahead that the general idea that plans on organizations is that we are – finally! – at the door of a year of incipient recovery, whose main questions are focused on its intensity and the possible creation of employment. 

Three positive points of view lead us to believe that we are on the right track: the type of work that is being entrusted to the consultancies, the opinion of the purchasing managers and that of the personnel directors. Let’s see. “For four years, customers have been asking us about restructuring and cost cutting, and now we are seeing a change in trend, yesterday’s efficiency plans have become strategic plans”, they say in the ACEC (Associació Catalana d’Empreses Consultants), directed by Fernando Iglesia. It’s a good start. The first step. Let’s go to the second one. “Purchasing managers of Spanish companies have stated in their recent annual meeting that in 2014 they will acquire more products from their suppliers, and this is just a sign that they expect a better exercise,” says Maribel Forcada, president of Aerce Catalunya . We continue well. Let’s go for the third one. “The new year seems to bring us a progressive decrease in personnel adjustment policies in organizations,” says Ricard Alfaro, president of Aedipe Catalunya (Associació de Direcció de Recursos Humans), who appeals to recover the culture of the effort. For his part, the president of Asempleo (association of employment agencies), Andreu Cruañas, qualifies that “2014 will be timidly positive in terms of employment, but we will have to do very well the duties to refloat the labor market.”

So, we will make strategic plans, we will buy more and we will stop the bleeding in the templates. From here, the global vision is tinged with an incipient optimism. The truth is that we will enter 2014 in better circumstances than in the present. Recall that the transit of the economy to 2013 was done at a rate of 3% negative, while the current will be at 0.5% positive, taking inter-quarterly annualized GDP rates.


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In any case, following the correction of imbalances, a more active role of banks to lend money and continue with energy, administrative, financial and fiscal reforms to lay solid foundations for recovery are common places in business requests. Joaquim Gay de Montellà, president of Foment del Treball, does not forget the importance of family consumption, always in an environment of wage moderation. “In order to favor internal consumption, effective measures can be applied, such as the elimination of the temporary increase in the special tax on Personal Income Tax and the property tax for 2015.” SMEs lament the heavy fiscal pressure they suffer. “We are touched by the increase in taxes and public prices, but despite this, we started 2014 with more encouragement and we are sure that we will be increasingly competitive,” says Josep González, president of Pimec.

The mood ventures as crucial and seems to improve. Antoni Abad, president of Cecot, summarizes his position as a positive rebellion, which “incorporates a less disheartening and more combative vision for next year.” Both González and Abad cite more positive microeconomic indicators as a basic part of the change that their affiliates notice, because the years of crisis have not passed in vain for many companies. It is ratified by the president of FemCat, Miquel Martí, for whom the main reason for the incipient optimism that is breathed is that “Catalan companies have been gaining efficiency and productivity for a few years now, and we believe that we are at the beginning of a sustainable recovery and creator of employment “.

In terms of demand, “Catalan businessmen are more optimistic about the future of their sales, both abroad and in the domestic market.” I want to highlight the improvement in the industry’s outlook, which foresees the recovery of growth in its turnover for 2014, “says Miquel Valls, president of the Chamber of Commerce of Barcelona. Exports have saved many companies from the hecatomb. Today they have discovered new markets and widened their horizons. Without a doubt, they are the ones that have best weathered these years of crisis and are better prepared to leave the tunnel. Joan Tristany, CEO of Amec, calls on companies to diversify outside the EU. “The results will be good for 2014. We see good opportunities abroad, although prospective, strategy and good operational management are required”.

The textile is one of the sectors that owes its recovery to exports. “They will grow 15% in 2013,” says the president of Texfor, Manu Díaz, who does not hesitate to criticize the attitude of the Government. “We do not see a single measure promoted by the Executive for the textile sector and its SMEs.” Despite this, “a small sector, but with more strength thanks to its experience, will compete in 2014 in a global market, focusing efforts in countries where our know-how is valued”.

Meanwhile, tourism is expected to continue to play a leading role. For the president of Gremi d’Hotels de Barcelona, ​​Jordi Clos, the important thing is that “in Barcelona we have made a strong investment in the improvement and adaptation of the establishments, which have led the city to consolidate itself as one of the best in the world. ” Anyway, see the projection for 2014 conditioned by some latent problems in the city, such as the proliferation of illegal tourist flats. “You have to solve it,” sentence. Tourism has also given a boost to trade in 2013. “It has been key to improving sales, we see domestic demand still very weak, because we are moving in a context of fragility. of the cases, it will be moderate “, comments Elisabet Vilalta, general director of Comertia.

Who will not raise his head is still the construction. The president of the Official Chamber of Contractistes d’Obres de Catalunya, Francesc Boixadós, describes the situation of the “desperate” sector. Remember that from 2007 until today the tender for public works in Catalonia has fallen by 85%. And warns that “if the sector sinks even more, until it is residual, the disappearance of the Catalan unemployment figure will not be possible in this decade, let’s keep this in mind for 2014”.

In short, you breathe a different air, but that the ordinary citizen will not notice yet in his pocket. This will be the next step …

The endless struggle against unemployment in Sant Adrià de Besòs

The endless struggle against unemployment in Sant Adri&agrave; de Bes&ograve;s

After the series of articles on the cities facing the recovery in pole position, the local editions of now approach the opposite situation with a new cycle of reports. In the coming days, we bring the focus to a selection of locations that face the desired lift-off with more weight in the shoes. Chronic unemployment, industry in check, low levels of training and social cohesion, an indigestible public debt or recent closures of large companies are some of the factors that most drag the exit of the crisis to the bottom of the recovery.

Sant Adrià de Besòs has many problems, like almost all cities in the metropolitan area. But, if you ask for a specific one, most citizens and, above all, politicians, respond without hesitation: unemployment . The town on the banks of the river closed the month of March with 3,406 people without work, around 21% of its active population, which is around 19,000 neighbors. The highest percentage of the Barcelonès registry, the second largest in the metropolitan area – just behind Badia del Vallès – and the fifth in the ranking of Catalan municipalities with between 10,000 and 40,000 inhabitants with more unemployment.

“We can not hide the problem of unemployment: we have the highest number of the region and we are around the Catalan average, which is also high,” says the councilor for Economic Promotion of Sant Adrià, Filo Cañete. It is one of the ballasts that does not let the city take off from the hole of the crisis with the agility that other towns can boast of. The local labor market received a good blow when the housing bubble burst, but, beyond the macroeconomic circumstances, unemployment is a chronic evil with which Sant Adrià has lived for decades.

One of the main causes, Filo Cañete reviews

One of the main causes, Filo Ca&ntilde;ete reviews

is the profile of the workers who live in the city: “Although the profiles change over the years, in general there are many unqualified figures and very linked to services and construction, which he is the great expeller of the labor market “. Claims that, obviously, there are more and more well-educated young people, both at the university level and in specialized trades, but there is still a collective, that of those over 45, “enquistado”, with difficulties to return to the market. “Sometimes they have it very complicated to return to the wheel in their sector of origin, so we believe it is important to do projects for requalification, advice and training,” stresses the person in charge of Economic Promotion.

This scenario leads to the fact that the promotion of occupation has been one of the main pillars of the Sant Adrià government for years, regardless of the political color. “If it were not like that, this would fall apart,” say local government voices. Around one million euros per year goes to this specific section, almost 4% of the budget. With a distribution of 31 euros per inhabitant, it is well above the 20.2 of the Catalan average or the 23 euros that Barcelona spends, for example. All this without counting the supramunicipal contributions, an important oxygen cylinder to which the Consistory comes in all open calls.

Until 2019, without going any further, Sant Adrià will receive a minimum of just over one million for occupation plans financed by the Diputació and the AMB , regardless of possible calls or projects that arise on a seasonal basis. For now, for this 2016, the planning points to an expenditure of 1.3 million in employment plans for vulnerable groups, such as those over 45 or women from single-parent families, or one million more to support the hiring of entrepreneurs and local businesses, an initiative that already worked positively in the past mandate.

Intrinsic characteristics to part, the crisis happened him a very expensive invoice to the locality, whose business activity severely was touched. The municipality touched ground in 2013, at which time the number of business projects underway fell to below 900, according to data from the Diputació de Barcelona. Since then, the trend has been upward, up to 1,100 current economic initiatives, according to the City Council, with an average increase of 50 per year. But the diagnosis changes if the data is scrutinized in more detail.

Most of the ‘new’ activity is linked to the tertiary sector. Almost 700 companies respond to the classification of Services, and only 126 and 95 are linked to industry and construction, respectively. In fact, isolating industrial numbers, the process of regression has been constant since 2010. In the last six years, Sant Adrià has left behind an uninterrupted trail of industrial closures, with a single rebound in 2014. Of more than 200 factories or workshops in 2007, before the outbreak of the crisis, to 126 today.

The improvement of the two industrial estates of the city is one of the pending subjects for

The improvement of the two industrial estates of the city is one of the pending subjects for

the local government. The Sot and Montsolís, on the borders with Badalona and Barcelona, ​​are the main two ship areas of Sant Adrià, and their numbers are not exactly negative, according to the consistory. Both are above 80% occupancy, although the margin for improvement of both is indisputable. Infrastructures and services require modernization and many sections of their public road need action and reforms.

In this sense, the Adriaanse executive of the PSC replies that it requests all possible subsidies for the improvement of polygons to the supramunicipal administrations. In addition, it maintains a process of open dialogue with Barcelona to modify the PGM of Montsolís, whose conditions today play in inequality with those of the adjoining Bon Pastor polygon because of the type of companies that can be installed in one or the other. The will is to overturn its industrial landscape by capturing new sectors and taking advantage, in the case of Sot, for example, the upcoming opening of the Campus Diagonal Besòs of the UPC to feed on energy projects or agents involved in research and development.

Above other causes there is a reason that prevents the improvement

Above other causes there is a reason that prevents the improvement

of the Sant Adrià figures at the occupation level: La Mina . It is one of the most socially and economically complex neighborhoods in Catalonia, with nearly 10,000 inhabitants, and accounts for 30% of the total population of the municipality. His influence on the statistics of the city is unquestionable.

Although neither the administrations nor the La Mina Consortium claim to have the concrete data of the suburb, everyone is clear that the figures are exorbitant. “They are intuitive, but the unemployment rates are brutal, very high. Bringing together a neighborhood like La Mina disrupts the numbers and also the resources, “explains the councilor, who admits the need to invest as much as possible in this district:” It is the neighborhood with the most needs and we have a responsibility “.

Also the entities and the associative network of the neighborhood lament the high level of unemployment that exists in the battered streets of La Mina, which blame for the increasing marginality and degradation during the crisis. This spiral leads to the existence of a submerged market in which the drug is at the top of the business cusp. “The unemployment rate is much higher than the rest of the city or any Catalan media,” says activist Josep Maria Monferrer, who denounces opacity in terms of employment figures in the neighborhood, as well as in many other areas. “For years now, the information has been shielded from the Consorci,” he criticizes.

Lima Group does not recognize Maduro re-election and reduces diplomatic relations

Lima Group does not recognize Maduro re-election and reduces diplomatic relations

The countries of the Lima Group said today they do not recognize the results of the presidential elections held on Sunday in Venezuela for not complying with “international standards”, and decided to “reduce the level of diplomatic relations “with that country.

The pronouncement, disseminated in Lima by the Peruvian Foreign Ministry, was signed by the Governments of Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Saint Lucia.

After knowing that Maduro won a poll held with a high level of abstention, the countries of the Group announced that “they do not recognize the legitimacy”, because “the international standards of a democratic, free, fair and transparent process were not met”.

In this regard, they indicated that “they will call for consultations to the ambassadors in Caracas and they will summon the ambassadors of Venezuela to express their protest and they will present before the 48th period of sessions of the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS) a new resolution on Venezuela.

The Lima Group also reiterated “its concern for the deepening of the political

The Lima Group also reiterated "its concern for the deepening of the political

, economic, social and humanitarian crisis that has deteriorated life in Venezuela” which, they said, “is reflected in the massive migration of Venezuelans.”

He announced that, for this reason, he will convene a high-level meeting with authorities responsible for migration and refuge, to be held during the first half of June in Lima.

In addition, he deplored “the serious humanitarian situation in Venezuela” and said that he will convene another high-level meeting to coordinate actions on public health and strengthen cooperation to address the epidemiological emergency.

The Group reported that, in order to “contribute to preserving the powers of the National Assembly,” it will request that each country issue and update national circulars or bulletins “that transmit to the financial and banking sector the risk they could incur if they perform operations with the Venezuelan government that do not have the endorsement of the National Assembly. “

In addition, it decided to coordinate actions so that the international financial organizations try not to grant loans to the Government of Venezuela, “due to the unconstitutional nature of acquiring debt without the endorsement of its National Assembly, except when the financing is used in humanitarian aid actions”.

He also asked to “intensify and expand” the exchange of financial intelligence information “on the activities of Venezuelan individuals and companies that could be linked to acts of corruption, money laundering or other illicit behavior.”

He also urged to have an analysis of the risk of money laundering and financing of terrorism, and proposed “that countries sensitize the private sector in their jurisdictions, about the threats and risks of money laundering and corruption that they have identified in Venezuela and that affect the region. “

The Group remarked, finally, that “it will continue monitoring

The Group remarked, finally, that "it will continue monitoring

the development of the situation in Venezuela in order to adopt the additional measures that may correspond, individually or collectively, to favor the restoration of the rule of law and democratic order in that country. “

Nicolás Maduro was reelected in his post after exceeding six million votes in the elections on Sunday, which were among the lowest participation in history, to attend just over 9.1 of the 20 million who were called to the urns.

His main adversary, Henri Falcón, who took second place with 1.9 million backers, said he will not know the results of Maduro’s repeated violations of pre-election agreements and demanded that the process be repeated this year.

Economy.- Navarrete (Treasure) believes that the eurozone has lost the opportunity to make reforms in a positive environment

 Economy.- Navarrete (Treasure) believes that the eurozone has lost the opportunity to make reforms in a positive environment

The general secretary of the Public Treasury and Financial Policy, Fernando Navarrete, has criticized that since 2014 there have been no changes in the European structure taking advantage of the economic momentum, ensuring that the euro zone has lost the opportunity to work in a positive environment.

This is what Navarrete said, who took over his current position last April, during his speech at the high-level seminar organized by the Bank of Spain under the title ‘Strengthening the governance of the euro area: short-term challenges and a long-term vision ‘, in which three other relevant personalities have also participated in the world of finance in the international sphere.

“The main changes in the European structure stopped in 2014, so basically we have skipped the whole positive environment when making reforms and, therefore, we have lost the opportunity to work in a positive environment.” The approach has not been balanced “, has asserted the main responsible of the Spanish Treasury.

Likewise, Navarrete pointed out that the euro zone is in a situation that could be called ‘the roadmap trap’, always trying to see what will happen without having a clear vision of the final result. “Having a clear vision of the final result can be an aid to know where we want to go.” The idea of ​​the Spanish government is to give practical solutions, agreements, to advance the debate, “he explained.

For Navarrete, it is very necessary to implement a better safety net and reduce the risks of financial fragmentation, since in his opinion it seems to have forgotten what this can mean for the markets: the lack of confidence. “This element of the equation when evaluating financial assets is essential not to distort,” he said.

Likewise, he has defended the need to finalize the process of banking union, since the extra cost for citizens that has meant not having completed it during the crisis can not be underestimated. “This makes citizens lose faith or attraction to the common project,” Navarrete warned, noting that the current framework is “incomplete” and “unstable” from the political point of view.

As he explained, the current framework on banking resolutions implies that decisions on liquidations are taken at a European level, although the failure of them has consequences at the national level. Navarrete has said that a way must be found to align decision making with the financial consequences of potential errors.

In this regard, he pointed out that for there to be greater coordination and to treat the banking union as a single jurisdiction that serves as a “backstop” or firewall that can avoid shocks, national regulatory obstacles must be eliminated. However, he has admitted that there can always be a shock enough negative to exceed all the shock absorbers. “Stabilization capacity and the financial safety net come into play here,” he added.




In this way, Navarrete has called for a correct balance between the banking union and the stabilization capacity, including also countercyclical policies, the non-existence of permanent transfers but rather as temporary support or clear eligibility criteria. He also believes that a reform of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) is needed, that it supports the banking union, serves as a backstop for the Single Resolution Fund (FUR) and provides financial assistance to member states with poor access to markets or subject to conditionality.

Regarding the idea of ​​reducing risks and sharing them, Navarrete has indicated that it is a controversial measure, since not all countries are willing to share certain types of risks, a context in which the inheritance problems come into play. of legacy, NPLs or doubtful loans.

“From an economic perspective, what we need most is to share the economic risks, this has not been sufficiently developed compared to the United States (…) The more we share the risks, the less necessary it will be to work through fiscal channels,” he said. in this sense the general director of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), Klaus Rengling, one of the three other panelists invited to the seminar.





For his part, the head of Economy, general director of Fiscal Policy and International Monetary and Financial Policy of the Ministry of Finance of Germany, Ludger Schuknecht, has assured that in his country there is a problem of confidence with respect to the existing European framework. “It is assumed that institutions should work well, but there are shortcomings,” he added. This situation causes many, especially the countries of the North, to be skeptical when it comes to increasing risk sharing.

“Should all of Europe pay for structural problems of the banking sector as it happened with the case of the crisis of the savings banks in Spain?”, Said the German economist, explaining that it is good to have a clear commitment but without becoming a source of opportunism where each country presents its demands.

According to Schuknecht, the 2008 crisis was an endogenous ‘shock’, although a certain lack of confidence was inherited from the United States. “We must take into account the large dimension of the euro zone, it seems logical that small and more vulnerable countries are in favor of greater risk sharing, but the largest countries feel that they should be concerned and move forward the whole “, has explained.

On the other hand, Ashok Vir Bathia, of the European Department of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), has indicated that there is a “limited” consensus on the future of the structure of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). However, the body chaired by Christine Lagarde believes that consensus can be achieved and asks that the challenges and the resistance of interests not be underestimated. “Steps are needed for greater harmonization and that failed banks are managed in a framework that allows reducing costs to the economy, the rest of the sector and taxpayers,” he said.

City Council approves a loan to allocate 31 million to neighborhoods, schools, cleaning and parks

City Council approves a loan to allocate 31 million to neighborhoods, schools, cleaning and parks

The Local Government Board of Seville has awarded the credit operation, provided for in the municipal budget and approved in the Plenary, which entails 31.3 million euros in investments for schools, public transport, cleaning, improvement of neighborhoods, parks and gardens or sports facilities.

As announced by the mayor of Seville, Juan Espadas, at the time, “the high rate of amortization and the strategy carried out in this mandate allow the City Council’s total debt to continue to be reduced and, at this time, forecast to be at 312 million euros at the end of the year, which is the lowest figure in the last 12 years. “

As reported by the Consistory in a statement, the general budget of the City of Seville for 2018 links 31.2 million euros in investments to this credit operation following the same model that was already executed in 2017.

Thus, with the operation approved this Friday are activated, among other measures, nine million euros for investment in neighborhoods of the Management of Urbanism, more than 800,000 euros for parks and gardens, 1.5 million euros in investments of Lipasam or more than three million euros for schools and municipal buildings.

These resources, moreover, are not strictly linked to the end of the year, so the investments can be executed throughout this year and the next without it being necessary to re-enter them in the budget, as he points out.

“It is an important agreement to continue advancing in the objective of improving public services that are provided to the public and respond to the demands of the population, it is a measure foreseen in the budgets, and that has been planned from the maximum rigor, efficiency and guarantee of budget stability “, explains the delegate of Finance and Public Administration, Joaquín Castillo.

In this sense, the City Council reaches this agreement in a situation of “financial consolidation and balance” and with a debt planning that places the city “with some of the lowest indebtedness rates per inhabitant of the country and with the most under the last decade. “

Thus, 2017 closed with a debt of 325 million euros, which meant a reduction of 80 million euros compared to June 2015, the beginning of the mandate. The forecast for 2018, including the credit operation approved this Friday, is to close the year with a debt of 312.2 million euros, which will have reached a new reduction of 13 million euros.

“The importance of this figure is reflected in the evolution of recent years.In 2008 the outstanding debt amounted to 420 million euros, a figure that was rising progressively to reach its highest level in 2012 with 485 million euros Since then, there has been a particularly pronounced decline in 2015 and 2016, “he explains.

It adds that this situation of consolidation and budgetary balance has allowed precisely that the public offer launched by the City Council to close the credit operation has received a total of 12 offers that reach 217.7 million euros, compared to 31.2 million of euros that were requested.


Among these offers have been selected two, those offered by Caja Rural del Sur for an amount of ten million euros at a fixed interest rate of 0.50 during the amortization period and, on the other hand, that of Bankia, for an amount of 21.3 million euros with a fixed interest rate of 0.60.

This means an average credit cost of 0.56 percent, “well below the current market rates and better conditions than those achieved in recent years by the main administrations of the country.”

“We have managed with an efficient management and with a rigorous work to make compatible the reduction of the indebtedness of Seville, that in these moments is very low, with the development of formulas that allow the execution of the necessary investments for the city”, explains the delegate.

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