The endless struggle against unemployment in Sant Adrià de Besòs

The endless struggle against unemployment in Sant Adrià de Besòs

After the series of articles on the cities facing the recovery in pole position, the local editions of LaVanguardia.com now approach the opposite situation with a new cycle of reports. In the coming days, we bring the focus to a selection of locations that face the desired lift-off with more weight in the shoes. Chronic unemployment, industry in check, low levels of training and social cohesion, an indigestible public debt or recent closures of large companies are some of the factors that most drag the exit of the crisis to the bottom of the recovery.

Sant Adrià de Besòs has many problems, like almost all cities in the metropolitan area. But, if you ask for a specific one, most citizens and, above all, politicians, respond without hesitation: unemployment . The town on the banks of the river closed the month of March with 3,406 people without work, around 21% of its active population, which is around 19,000 neighbors. The highest percentage of the Barcelonès registry, the second largest in the metropolitan area – just behind Badia del Vallès – and the fifth in the ranking of Catalan municipalities with between 10,000 and 40,000 inhabitants with more unemployment.

“We can not hide the problem of unemployment: we have the highest number of the region and we are around the Catalan average, which is also high,” says the councilor for Economic Promotion of Sant Adrià, Filo Cañete. It is one of the ballasts that does not let the city take off from the hole of the crisis with the agility that other towns can boast of. The local labor market received a good blow when the housing bubble burst, but, beyond the macroeconomic circumstances, unemployment is a chronic evil with which Sant Adrià has lived for decades.

One of the main causes, Filo Cañete reviews

One of the main causes, Filo Cañete reviews

is the profile of the workers who live in the city: “Although the profiles change over the years, in general there are many unqualified figures and very linked to services and construction, which he is the great expeller of the labor market “. Claims that, obviously, there are more and more well-educated young people, both at the university level and in specialized trades, but there is still a collective, that of those over 45, “enquistado”, with difficulties to return to the market. “Sometimes they have it very complicated to return to the wheel in their sector of origin, so we believe it is important to do projects for requalification, advice and training,” stresses the person in charge of Economic Promotion.

This scenario leads to the fact that the promotion of occupation has been one of the main pillars of the Sant Adrià government for years, regardless of the political color. “If it were not like that, this would fall apart,” say local government voices. Around one million euros per year goes to this specific section, almost 4% of the budget. With a distribution of 31 euros per inhabitant, it is well above the 20.2 of the Catalan average or the 23 euros that Barcelona spends, for example. All this without counting the supramunicipal contributions, an important oxygen cylinder to which the Consistory comes in all open calls.

Until 2019, without going any further, Sant Adrià will receive a minimum of just over one million for occupation plans financed by the Diputació and the AMB , regardless of possible calls or projects that arise on a seasonal basis. For now, for this 2016, the planning points to an expenditure of 1.3 million in employment plans for vulnerable groups, such as those over 45 or women from single-parent families, or one million more to support the hiring of entrepreneurs and local businesses, an initiative that already worked positively in the past mandate.

Intrinsic characteristics to part, the crisis happened him a very expensive invoice to the locality, whose business activity severely was touched. The municipality touched ground in 2013, at which time the number of business projects underway fell to below 900, according to data from the Diputació de Barcelona. Since then, the trend has been upward, up to 1,100 current economic initiatives, according to the City Council, with an average increase of 50 per year. But the diagnosis changes if the data is scrutinized in more detail.

Most of the ‘new’ activity is linked to the tertiary sector. Almost 700 companies respond to the classification of Services, and only 126 and 95 are linked to industry and construction, respectively. In fact, isolating industrial numbers, the process of regression has been constant since 2010. In the last six years, Sant Adrià has left behind an uninterrupted trail of industrial closures, with a single rebound in 2014. Of more than 200 factories or workshops in 2007, before the outbreak of the crisis, to 126 today.

The improvement of the two industrial estates of the city is one of the pending subjects for

The improvement of the two industrial estates of the city is one of the pending subjects for

the local government. The Sot and Montsolís, on the borders with Badalona and Barcelona, ​​are the main two ship areas of Sant Adrià, and their numbers are not exactly negative, according to the consistory. Both are above 80% occupancy, although the margin for improvement of both is indisputable. Infrastructures and services require modernization and many sections of their public road need action and reforms.

In this sense, the Adriaanse executive of the PSC replies that it requests all possible subsidies for the improvement of polygons to the supramunicipal administrations. In addition, it maintains a process of open dialogue with Barcelona to modify the PGM of Montsolís, whose conditions today play in inequality with those of the adjoining Bon Pastor polygon because of the type of companies that can be installed in one or the other. The will is to overturn its industrial landscape by capturing new sectors and taking advantage, in the case of Sot, for example, the upcoming opening of the Campus Diagonal Besòs of the UPC to feed on energy projects or agents involved in research and development.

Above other causes there is a reason that prevents the improvement

Above other causes there is a reason that prevents the improvement

of the Sant Adrià figures at the occupation level: La Mina . It is one of the most socially and economically complex neighborhoods in Catalonia, with nearly 10,000 inhabitants, and accounts for 30% of the total population of the municipality. His influence on the statistics of the city is unquestionable.

Although neither the administrations nor the La Mina Consortium claim to have the concrete data of the suburb, everyone is clear that the figures are exorbitant. “They are intuitive, but the unemployment rates are brutal, very high. Bringing together a neighborhood like La Mina disrupts the numbers and also the resources, “explains the councilor, who admits the need to invest as much as possible in this district:” It is the neighborhood with the most needs and we have a responsibility “.

Also the entities and the associative network of the neighborhood lament the high level of unemployment that exists in the battered streets of La Mina, which blame for the increasing marginality and degradation during the crisis. This spiral leads to the existence of a submerged market in which the drug is at the top of the business cusp. “The unemployment rate is much higher than the rest of the city or any Catalan media,” says activist Josep Maria Monferrer, who denounces opacity in terms of employment figures in the neighborhood, as well as in many other areas. “For years now, the information has been shielded from the Consorci,” he criticizes.

Lima Group does not recognize Maduro re-election and reduces diplomatic relations

Lima Group does not recognize Maduro re-election and reduces diplomatic relations

The countries of the Lima Group said today they do not recognize the results of the presidential elections held on Sunday in Venezuela for not complying with “international standards”, and decided to “reduce the level of diplomatic relations “with that country.

The pronouncement, disseminated in Lima by the Peruvian Foreign Ministry, was signed by the Governments of Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Saint Lucia.

After knowing that Maduro won a poll held with a high level of abstention, the countries of the Group announced that “they do not recognize the legitimacy”, because “the international standards of a democratic, free, fair and transparent process were not met”.

In this regard, they indicated that “they will call for consultations to the ambassadors in Caracas and they will summon the ambassadors of Venezuela to express their protest and they will present before the 48th period of sessions of the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS) a new resolution on Venezuela.

The Lima Group also reiterated “its concern for the deepening of the political

The Lima Group also reiterated "its concern for the deepening of the political

, economic, social and humanitarian crisis that has deteriorated life in Venezuela” which, they said, “is reflected in the massive migration of Venezuelans.”

He announced that, for this reason, he will convene a high-level meeting with authorities responsible for migration and refuge, to be held during the first half of June in Lima.

In addition, he deplored “the serious humanitarian situation in Venezuela” and said that he will convene another high-level meeting to coordinate actions on public health and strengthen cooperation to address the epidemiological emergency.

The Group reported that, in order to “contribute to preserving the powers of the National Assembly,” it will request that each country issue and update national circulars or bulletins “that transmit to the financial and banking sector the risk they could incur if they perform operations with the Venezuelan government that do not have the endorsement of the National Assembly. “

In addition, it decided to coordinate actions so that the international financial organizations try not to grant loans to the Government of Venezuela, “due to the unconstitutional nature of acquiring debt without the endorsement of its National Assembly, except when the financing is used in humanitarian aid actions”.

He also asked to “intensify and expand” the exchange of financial intelligence information “on the activities of Venezuelan individuals and companies that could be linked to acts of corruption, money laundering or other illicit behavior.”

He also urged to have an analysis of the risk of money laundering and financing of terrorism, and proposed “that countries sensitize the private sector in their jurisdictions, about the threats and risks of money laundering and corruption that they have identified in Venezuela and that affect the region. “

The Group remarked, finally, that “it will continue monitoring

The Group remarked, finally, that "it will continue monitoring

the development of the situation in Venezuela in order to adopt the additional measures that may correspond, individually or collectively, to favor the restoration of the rule of law and democratic order in that country. “

Nicolás Maduro was reelected in his post after exceeding six million votes in the elections on Sunday, which were among the lowest participation in history, to attend just over 9.1 of the 20 million who were called to the urns.

His main adversary, Henri Falcón, who took second place with 1.9 million backers, said he will not know the results of Maduro’s repeated violations of pre-election agreements and demanded that the process be repeated this year.

Economy.- Navarrete (Treasure) believes that the eurozone has lost the opportunity to make reforms in a positive environment

 Economy.- Navarrete (Treasure) believes that the eurozone has lost the opportunity to make reforms in a positive environment

The general secretary of the Public Treasury and Financial Policy, Fernando Navarrete, has criticized that since 2014 there have been no changes in the European structure taking advantage of the economic momentum, ensuring that the euro zone has lost the opportunity to work in a positive environment.

This is what Navarrete said, who took over his current position last April, during his speech at the high-level seminar organized by the Bank of Spain under the title ‘Strengthening the governance of the euro area: short-term challenges and a long-term vision ‘, in which three other relevant personalities have also participated in the world of finance in the international sphere.

“The main changes in the European structure stopped in 2014, so basically we have skipped the whole positive environment when making reforms and, therefore, we have lost the opportunity to work in a positive environment.” The approach has not been balanced “, has asserted the main responsible of the Spanish Treasury.

Likewise, Navarrete pointed out that the euro zone is in a situation that could be called ‘the roadmap trap’, always trying to see what will happen without having a clear vision of the final result. “Having a clear vision of the final result can be an aid to know where we want to go.” The idea of ​​the Spanish government is to give practical solutions, agreements, to advance the debate, “he explained.

For Navarrete, it is very necessary to implement a better safety net and reduce the risks of financial fragmentation, since in his opinion it seems to have forgotten what this can mean for the markets: the lack of confidence. “This element of the equation when evaluating financial assets is essential not to distort,” he said.

Likewise, he has defended the need to finalize the process of banking union, since the extra cost for citizens that has meant not having completed it during the crisis can not be underestimated. “This makes citizens lose faith or attraction to the common project,” Navarrete warned, noting that the current framework is “incomplete” and “unstable” from the political point of view.

As he explained, the current framework on banking resolutions implies that decisions on liquidations are taken at a European level, although the failure of them has consequences at the national level. Navarrete has said that a way must be found to align decision making with the financial consequences of potential errors.

In this regard, he pointed out that for there to be greater coordination and to treat the banking union as a single jurisdiction that serves as a “backstop” or firewall that can avoid shocks, national regulatory obstacles must be eliminated. However, he has admitted that there can always be a shock enough negative to exceed all the shock absorbers. “Stabilization capacity and the financial safety net come into play here,” he added.

 

SHARE RISKS

SHARE RISKS

In this way, Navarrete has called for a correct balance between the banking union and the stabilization capacity, including also countercyclical policies, the non-existence of permanent transfers but rather as temporary support or clear eligibility criteria. He also believes that a reform of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) is needed, that it supports the banking union, serves as a backstop for the Single Resolution Fund (FUR) and provides financial assistance to member states with poor access to markets or subject to conditionality.

Regarding the idea of ​​reducing risks and sharing them, Navarrete has indicated that it is a controversial measure, since not all countries are willing to share certain types of risks, a context in which the inheritance problems come into play. of legacy, NPLs or doubtful loans.

“From an economic perspective, what we need most is to share the economic risks, this has not been sufficiently developed compared to the United States (…) The more we share the risks, the less necessary it will be to work through fiscal channels,” he said. in this sense the general director of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), Klaus Rengling, one of the three other panelists invited to the seminar.

 

LACK OF TRUST

LACK OF TRUST

 

For his part, the head of Economy, general director of Fiscal Policy and International Monetary and Financial Policy of the Ministry of Finance of Germany, Ludger Schuknecht, has assured that in his country there is a problem of confidence with respect to the existing European framework. “It is assumed that institutions should work well, but there are shortcomings,” he added. This situation causes many, especially the countries of the North, to be skeptical when it comes to increasing risk sharing.

“Should all of Europe pay for structural problems of the banking sector as it happened with the case of the crisis of the savings banks in Spain?”, Said the German economist, explaining that it is good to have a clear commitment but without becoming a source of opportunism where each country presents its demands.

According to Schuknecht, the 2008 crisis was an endogenous ‘shock’, although a certain lack of confidence was inherited from the United States. “We must take into account the large dimension of the euro zone, it seems logical that small and more vulnerable countries are in favor of greater risk sharing, but the largest countries feel that they should be concerned and move forward the whole “, has explained.

On the other hand, Ashok Vir Bathia, of the European Department of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), has indicated that there is a “limited” consensus on the future of the structure of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). However, the body chaired by Christine Lagarde believes that consensus can be achieved and asks that the challenges and the resistance of interests not be underestimated. “Steps are needed for greater harmonization and that failed banks are managed in a framework that allows reducing costs to the economy, the rest of the sector and taxpayers,” he said.

City Council approves a loan to allocate 31 million to neighborhoods, schools, cleaning and parks

City Council approves a loan to allocate 31 million to neighborhoods, schools, cleaning and parks

The Local Government Board of Seville has awarded the credit operation, provided for in the municipal budget and approved in the Plenary, which entails 31.3 million euros in investments for schools, public transport, cleaning, improvement of neighborhoods, parks and gardens or sports facilities.

As announced by the mayor of Seville, Juan Espadas, at the time, “the high rate of amortization and the strategy carried out in this mandate allow the City Council’s total debt to continue to be reduced and, at this time, forecast to be at 312 million euros at the end of the year, which is the lowest figure in the last 12 years. “

As reported by the Consistory in a statement, the general budget of the City of Seville for 2018 links 31.2 million euros in investments to this credit operation following the same model that was already executed in 2017.

Thus, with the operation approved this Friday are activated, among other measures, nine million euros for investment in neighborhoods of the Management of Urbanism, more than 800,000 euros for parks and gardens, 1.5 million euros in investments of Lipasam or more than three million euros for schools and municipal buildings.

These resources, moreover, are not strictly linked to the end of the year, so the investments can be executed throughout this year and the next without it being necessary to re-enter them in the budget, as he points out.

“It is an important agreement to continue advancing in the objective of improving public services that are provided to the public and respond to the demands of the population, it is a measure foreseen in the budgets, and that has been planned from the maximum rigor, efficiency and guarantee of budget stability “, explains the delegate of Finance and Public Administration, Joaquín Castillo.

In this sense, the City Council reaches this agreement in a situation of “financial consolidation and balance” and with a debt planning that places the city “with some of the lowest indebtedness rates per inhabitant of the country and with the most under the last decade. “

Thus, 2017 closed with a debt of 325 million euros, which meant a reduction of 80 million euros compared to June 2015, the beginning of the mandate. The forecast for 2018, including the credit operation approved this Friday, is to close the year with a debt of 312.2 million euros, which will have reached a new reduction of 13 million euros.

“The importance of this figure is reflected in the evolution of recent years.In 2008 the outstanding debt amounted to 420 million euros, a figure that was rising progressively to reach its highest level in 2012 with 485 million euros Since then, there has been a particularly pronounced decline in 2015 and 2016, “he explains.

It adds that this situation of consolidation and budgetary balance has allowed precisely that the public offer launched by the City Council to close the credit operation has received a total of 12 offers that reach 217.7 million euros, compared to 31.2 million of euros that were requested.

AN AVERAGE CREDIT COST OF 0.56%

Among these offers have been selected two, those offered by Caja Rural del Sur for an amount of ten million euros at a fixed interest rate of 0.50 during the amortization period and, on the other hand, that of Bankia, for an amount of 21.3 million euros with a fixed interest rate of 0.60.

This means an average credit cost of 0.56 percent, “well below the current market rates and better conditions than those achieved in recent years by the main administrations of the country.”

“We have managed with an efficient management and with a rigorous work to make compatible the reduction of the indebtedness of Seville, that in these moments is very low, with the development of formulas that allow the execution of the necessary investments for the city”, explains the delegate.